Science

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Welcome to Sciences at Brookswood Secondary!

Brookswood is home to 8 science labs all equipped to bring out the mad scientist in everyone!  From physics and biology to earth science and chemistry, there is a science course for every interest!

The science program is investigative in nature and endeavours to emphasize and use a wide range of activities, including laboratory work and problem-solving to enable students to better understand their environment and the problems and issues that involve science.  Please see the course selection handbook for information on prerequisites for each course.

Courses we offer:

Science 9
This course seeks to expand the horizon of science students and introduces them to several new areas of study.
The units in this course are:
• Reproduction: describing the process of cell division, sexual and asexual reproduction, simple laws of genetics and heredity;
• Atoms and Elements: describe structure and composition of atoms and molecules, atomic theory,
radioactivity. Study the Periodic Table and using it to compare the characteristics and atomic structure of elements. Use the chemical symbols of elements and formulae of ionic compounds. Describe changes in the properties of matter;
• Electricity: study production and transfer of static electrical charge. Explain how electric current results from movement of electrons. Compare series and parallel circuits, and resistance, voltage, amperage and power consumption;
• Space Exploration: describe the technologies that have advanced the understanding of the universe and solar system, describe the main parts of the solar system and the universe, and the implications of space travel.

Accelerated Science 9/10 (ACSC 9/10)-Prerequisite of instructor’s recommendation
ACSC 9/10 covers Science 9 and 10 in one year. Admission is permitted only with the recommendation of the student’s Science 8 teacher. Students must have an A or high B average in Science 8 and have good work habits. The core materials and skills of the regular Science 9 and 10 program are covered at a pace and level about that of the regular program. Completion of ACSC 9/10 will enable students to enrol in Science 11 courses in their grade 10 year and therefore allow them to take university Advanced Placement Science courses in their grade 12 year. At the end of the course, students will be required to write the Science 10 provincial exam.

Science 10
Science 10 includes the following topics:
• Life Science: Sustainability of Ecosystems: explore ecosystems in terms of the interaction of abiotic
and biotic factors, the impacts of bioaccumulation and the equilibrium of natural populations;
• Physical Sciences: Chemical Reactions and Radioactivity: continue to explore atoms, ions and
molecules, classify acids, bases and salts, distinguish between inorganic and organic compounds, analyze chemical reactions, explain radioactivity;
• Physical Science: Motion: explore the relationship between displacement, time, velocity and
acceleration;
• Earth and Space Science: Plate Tectonics: explore the processes of plate tectonics and the evidence
that support the theory of plate tectonics;
• Earth and Space Science: Energy Transfer in Natural Systems: explore sources of thermal energy and its effects within the atmosphere, evaluate possible causes of climate change and its impact on nature.
Provincial examination is mandatory.

Science & Technology 11
This course fulfills the graduation requirement of a Grade 11 science course. However, it does not satisfy the science requirements of most post-secondary institutions. Course content may include the following units: Applied Chemistry, Agriculture, Forensics, Health, Natural Resources and the Environment, Computers & Communications, Construction Technology, Personal Technologies, Space Exploration and Transportation.

Biology 11
Biology is the study of living things and is an introductory course in this vast and complex field. Lab activities using microscope and dissection techniques are a part of the studies. Topics to be covered include cell structure, classification and evolution. Some of the organisms studied are bacteria, fungi and ferns as well as sponges, worms, insects and mammals. Biology 11 is open to all Science 10 graduates, but those with an interest in gaining a better understanding of living systems have the best chance for success in this course.

Chemistry 11 (CH 11)
Chemistry 11 is a laboratory-centered course that investigates the development of basic principles describing the structure and behavior of matter. A sound foundation in experimental methods and techniques useful for further studies in the sciences will be provided. Theoretical development will also be stressed in many areas. Reaction chemistry and problem solving are emphasized. The course outline: scientific method and lab safety; states of matter; elements; compounds, and mixtures; chemical formulae and equations—calculations, problem solving; chemical reactions; atomic theory; introduction to organic chemistry

Physics 11 (PH 11)
Physics 11 is an introductory course that focuses on the principles and theories of physics, encourages investigation of physical relationships, and illustrates the relationship between theory and application. The application of physics to everyday situations is highlighted throughout the course. Topics covered include: General Wave Theory, Light and Optics, Kinematics (how an object moves), Dynamics (why an object moves), Energy, theory of Relativity, Nuclear Fission and Fusion. Physics 11 is required for all students entering the following faculties at UBC, SFU and U Vic: Science, Agriculture, Nutrition Science, Forestry, Dentistry, Nursing, Pharmacy and Medicine.

Earth Science 11
A great introductory course for Geography 12 or Geology 12.
Course content includes:
• Geology: rocks and minerals, erosion, volcanism, earthquakes, mountain building, diastrophism;
• Meteorology: weather and climate;
• Astronomy: earth’s motions in space, solar system, stellar systems;
• Oceanography: ocean environments, resource potential
• Resource sciences: renewable and non-renewable resources, resource availability, environmental
questions, resource depletion.

Biology 12
Biology 12 is a course in human physiology. Life is first examined at the molecular level. The chemistry, upon which life is based, is studied in considerable detail during the first part of this course. Students then examine life at the cellular level where some basic metabolic biochemistry is introduced. The remaining part of the course is then spent exploring several systems within the body including: circulation, digestion, respiration, excretion, nervous system, reproduction and endocrinology. In studying all these systems there is the recurring theme of internal balance maintenance. There is an emphasis on the understanding of “how things work” rather than simply memorizing facts. The course is recommended for above-average students who are motivated and
interested in knowing how “biological machinery” operates. For interested students, this is a course providing a wealth of information that will be drawn upon throughout life. Students will understand physiological terminology and will gain a good understanding of body functions. This is an excellent course to take if students are interested in a career in Health Sciences or related fields. Please be aware that Biology 12 is a fast-paced lecture course, unlike the lab oriented Biology 11. Students should have achieved at least a C+ level on Biology 11 tests if considering taking Biology 12.

Biology 12 Advanced Placement (BIO 12AP)
Biology 12AP covers the curriculum of most first year university biology courses. Content includes: molecules of life; cell biology; heredity and evolution; human physiology; diversity in plans and animals; organisms and populations. Most of these topics are covered in varying degrees in Biology 11 and Biology 12. For students considering post secondary education in health sciences, or other fields in biology, this course is an excellent survey of a wide variety of topics within the field of biology. Many universities accept this course as advanced credit for first year biology. Biology 12AP may be used as a credit for graduation.

Chemistry 12 (CH 12)
This course is intended for students who have shown an aptitude for chemistry and plan to take chemistry and related courses at the post secondary level. Extensive laboratory investigations form the basis for an in-depth study of selected topics. Problem solving is a necessary part of the course and students should have a good understanding of mathematics. Many more mathematical problems are encountered in CH 12 than in Chemistry 11. Course outline: rates of chemical reactions; solubility; chemical energetics and equilibrium; acids and bases; oxidation-reduction; and electrochemistry.

Chemistry 12 Advanced Placement (CH 12AP)
Chemistry 12 AP is for students who show an ability in chemistry and who wish to get a head start on first year college or university chemistry. CH 12AP will also prepare students to write the Chemistry Provincial examination in June as well as the Simon Fraser University ($16,000) and Waterloo ($10,000) chemistry contests in the spring. Successful completion of this course could also give advanced credit for first year chemistry at many local colleges and universities. Chemistry 12AP may be used as a credit for graduation.

Overview: Honours Chemistry Program
The Honours Chemistry Program will cover all of the theoretical content and practical laboratories covered in Chemistry 11, Chemistry 12 and first year University Chemistry.
The benefit of enrolling in the Honours Chemistry program is:
• Students who successfully complete the Honours Chemistry program (grades 11 and 12) will be well
prepared to write the AP Chemistry examination in early May of their Grade 12 year. Students who score a 3 or higher, on a 5-point scale, will receive credit for first year Chemistry at most colleges and
universities in Canada and the United States.
Note:
• Students wishing to enroll in Chemistry 11 Honours will not be required to enroll in Chemistry 12
Honours, but will be given the option of enrolling in regular Chemistry 12.Page | 61

Chemistry 11 Honours (CH 11H)
Chemistry 11 Honours covers the topics of the regular Chemistry 11 course, but proceeds at a faster pace, and includes additional university level topics integrated into appropriate points of the curriculum. Laboratory work is emphasized to a greater extent. Students that enroll in Chemistry 11 Honours will be better positioned to take Chemistry 12 Honours. However, Chemistry 11 Honours is open to all students with the Science 10 prerequisite and a keen interest and above average ability in math and science.

Chemistry 12 Honours (CH 12H)
Chemistry 12 Honours differs qualitatively from the usual grade 12 Chemistry course with respect to the kind of textbook used, the degree of detail with which topics are covered, the emphasis on chemical calculations and the mathematical formulation of principles, and the kind of laboratory work done by the students. Quantitative differences appear in the number of topics treated, the time spent on the course by students, and the nature and the variety of experiments done in the laboratory. In addition, students will be prepared to write the AP Chemistry Exam in May with successful candidates given the option to receive credit for 1st year university chemistry at many local universities. The five major topics from regular Chemistry 12 (Kinetics, Equilibrium, Solubility, Acid/Base and Electrochemistry) are all developed in considerable detail along with an additional unit in Thermodynamics. Many Chemistry 11 topics are also reconsidered and expanded upon as they apply to these new areas. It is strongly recommended that students have a high “B” or “A” in Chemistry 11 Honours before attempting Chemistry 12 Honours.

Geology 12 (GEOL 12)
Geology is the study of the Earth, the materials of which it is made, the physical and chemical changes that occur on its surface and its interior and the history of the planet and its life. Therefore, the following topics will be covered:
• Earth Materials: mineralogy; igneous rocks and processes; sedimentary rocks and processes;
metamorphic rock and processes; mineral rock and energy resources;
• Time and the Fossil Record: relative dating; absolute dating; geological time scale; fossil record and
past environments;
• Internal Processes: plate tectonics; structural geology – faults, folds cross sections, geological mapping; seismology;
• Surficial Processes: weathering and erosion, running water, glaciers, ground water.

Physics 12 (PH 12)
Physics 12 is a continuation of Physics 11 where we look for the reasons behind every day events in our physical world. It uses mathematics to describe the laws of nature and is designed to help students develop analytical and problem-solving skills. It provides opportunities for students to understand and apply the concepts of physics to practical situations. Topics covered include: Kinematics, Dynamics, Work & Power, Momentum, Circular Motion, Electrostatics, Electric Circuits and Electromagnetism. Physics 12 is a required course for all students entering the Applied Science or Engineering faculties at SFU and UBC. It is recommended by the faculties of Agriculture, Forestry, Logistics and Science.

Brookswood Secondary School

20902 - 37A Avenue, Langley
BC, V3A 5N2
Phone: 604-530-2141
Fax: 604-530-5132